Rita El Khayat interviewed by Mediter / Rita El Khayat interviewée par Mediter

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Rita El KhayatRita (Ghita) El Khayat will partecipate at the debate organised by Mediter Network, at 8 th of May in Brussels, entitled “Les femmes de la mediterranée entre le printemps arabe et les crises”. Before the debate, she has been interviewed by Tiziana Sforza, journalist of Mediter network.

What role did women play during the “arab spring”?
Women were in streets like men: both the antagonist wings were present in those strikes and revolutions; we have to say that the number of women was not as important as this of men. They were more or less behind the violence and the determination of men. Veiled women were more important in number that unveiled ones; from the beginning of the Arab Spring, it was clear that Islamists opinions were led by men and that women were led by men. Now, it’s an evidence: women are prayed to support and go on their old roles in society...

Not in all the countries on the North side of Mediterranean sea women enjoy the same rights as men. What are the main tools to support the female empowerment and to build a female leadership?
Yes, I agree: the most important thing is to have a strong law imposing equality between men and women regarding salaries all over the world. It’s evident that in this field women are bad treated: doing the same jobs, having the same training, they are less paid... and this is the same all over Europe, and of course more visible in the other (traditional) societies. In Morocco, for example, women were/are employed in a huge number in factories because not involved in strikes, not included in trades unions, paid half or less in front of male comrades... it’s more or less the same until now! In the political campaign of May 2012 for the election of the French President, this point was at the top actions of the leftist candidate, I mean inequalities between men and women in one of the most advanced country in the world... we are in the same landscape considering work field! (I’m involved as specialized Physician in Medicine Work and Ergonomics)

Which actions have been carried on by European countries and countries of the North side of Mediterranean sea to spread the awareness about the relevant role played by women for social and economical growth?
Action was first done during the period of feminists writings and strong propositions like social trial asking for the right of abortion in France and the law -voted in France in 1974 giving this right to free women and girls after a historical vote led by Simone Veil-; the rights increased after all the period of active fights. Giving rights to women in the north of Mediterranean empowered women as active citizens and persons involved in social and economical growth and successes…
A weak, despised and illiterate woman is unable to give something around her, uprising in the best way her children or guiding her family in a total cleverness, she’s a dead weight in social group and nation. It’s something understandable and mathematical. Free and respected women are the true partners of growth, not those latched in houses, illiterate or like, pushing all the society down and down.


Rita (Ghita) El Khayat’s biography
-Psychiatrist and psychoanalyst (graduated in Paris)
-Graduated of Occupational Medicine and Ergonomics (graduated in Bordeaux)
-Graduated from medical aerospace (graduated in Paris)
- Ph.D. in Anthropology of the Arab world (School of High Studies in Social Sciences, EHESS/Paris)
-Professor at University of Milano and conceiver of the chair of “Anthropology of knowledge and cognition”
-Member of the Department of Women’s Studies (UQAM University
of Quebec Canada)
-Writer: thirty-six books published to date (Mars 2012)

Rita (Ghita) El Khayat lived for ten years in France and Europe.
Medical Doctor, she became psychiatrist and holds two other specialties in medicine. She returned to live in Morocco where she was born, to do what she has always loved (Latin, literature, philosophy, drawing and painting) and writing as well.


She also is a journalist and author of numerous articles and books on the Status
of Women in the Arab-Islamic world. She has taught, and travelled all around
the world, gave lectures in many countries: and is dedicated today to the practice of psychiatry and psychoanalysis, to the art criticism, fiction and poetry, she is also lecturer at the University of Chieti, Italy, where she teaches Anthropology of Knowledge (Department of Philosophy). She was admitted to the International PEN after the vote of December 2003 in Mexico City. She is a Knight of the Order of the Throne in Morocco (1995). She is honorary Citizen of the City of Pescara (October 2006). She is Ambassador of the “Mediterranean Games” of 2009(Pescara, Italy).

She is laureate of the “Prize for Peace 2007” she received at Maiori, Italy (October 2007). She is a member of the Council of Directors of the International Festival Film of Marrakech. She was appointed on December 2006 as a Member of the Ethics Committee of 2M, the Moroccan Radio Channel & TV.
She is a member of the African network FEMNET(African Women’s Development and Communication Network) since 2007. She hosts a daily literary program,
called “A Book, a Friend” on the Moroccan national radio since June 2008. She has published 36 books to date, wrote in twenty collective books, has authored over one hundred fifty scientific articles (about Medicine, Psychiatry,
psychoanalysis, anthropology, art, reflection, etc.).

 

 

Rita (Ghita) El Khayat participera au débat organisé par le Réseau Mediter le 8 mai 2012 à Bruxelles intitulé "Les Femmes de la Méditerranée entre le Printemps arabe et les crises». Avant le débat, elle a été interviewée par Tiziana Sforza, journaliste du réseau Mediter.

Quel rôle ont joué les femmes au cours du «printemps arabe»?

Les femmes étaient dans les rues comme les hommes: ces deux ailes antagonistes étaient présentes dans les grèves et révolutions; même si nous devons dire que le nombre de femmes n'était pas aussi important que celui des hommes. Elles se situaient un peu plus derrière la violence et la détermination des hommes. Les femmes voilées étaient plus importantes en nombre que les femmes sans voile; depuis le début du printemps arabe, il était clair que les opinions islamistes étaient dirigées par des hommes, tout comme les femmes. Maintenant c'est une évidence: les femmes sont priées de soutenir et de garder leurs anciens rôles dans la société…

 

Les femmes ne jouissent pas des mêmes droits que les hommes y compris dans les pays du Nord de la Méditerranée. Quels sont les principaux outils pour soutenir l'autonomisation des femmes et construire un leadership féminin?

Oui, je suis d'accord: la chose la plus importante est d'avoir une loi forte imposant l'égalité entre les hommes et les femmes concernant les salaires dans le monde entier. Il est évident que dans ce domaine les femmes sont maltraitées : aux mêmes postes, à formation égale, elles sont moins payées ... et c'est la même chose dans toute l'Europe, même si c'est bien sûr plus visibles dans les sociétés plus traditionnelles. Au Maroc par exemple, les femmes étaient, et sont encore, employées en masse dans les usines parce que non impliquées dans les grèves, pas membres de syndicats, payées moitié moins que leurs camarades masculins...c'est plus ou moins le même chose jusqu'à maintenant! Lors de la campagne politique de mai 2012 pour l'élection du président français, ce point figurait dans les priorités du candidat de gauche, ce qui signifie que même dans l'un des pays les plus avancés dans le monde subsistent les inégalités entre les hommes et les femmes ... nous trouvons le même paysage dans le domaine du travail ! (Je suis impliquée à titre de médecin spécialisé en médecine du travail et ergonomie).

 

Quelles actions ont été menées par les pays européens et les pays de la rive Nord de la mer Méditerranée afin de propager la prise de conscience sur le rôle majeur joué par les femmes pour la croissance sociale et économique?

L'action a d'abord été menée pendant la période des écrits féministes et des propositions fortes comme par exemple le procès social demandant le droit à l'avortement et la loi-votée en France en 1974 après un vote historique dirigé par Simone Veil accordant ce droit afin de libérer les femmes et les filles ; suite à cette période de combats actifs les droits ont augmenté. Les droits donnés aux femmes dans le Nord de la Méditerranée ont permis l'autonomie des femmes en tant que citoyens actifs et personnes impliquées dans la croissance sociale et économique et dans les succès...

Une femme faible, méprisée et analphabète est incapable de donner quelque chose autour d'elle, d’élever ses enfants de la meilleure manière ou de guider sa famille avec une clairvoyance totale, elle est un poids mort dans un groupe social et dans la nation. C'est quelque chose de compréhensible et mathématique. Les femmes libres et respectées sont les véritables partenaires de la croissance, ce ne sont pas celles verrouillée dans les maisons, analphabètes ou presque, poussant toute la société vers le bas.

 


Biographie de Rita (Ghita) El Khayat
- Psychiatre et psychanalyste (diplômée à Paris)
- Diplôme en Médecine du travail et étude des conditions de travail (diplômée à Bordeaux)
- Diplôme en médecine spatiale (diplômée in Paris)
- Doctorat en Anthropologie du monde arabe (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, EHESS/Paris)
- Professeur à l’Université de Milan et conceptrice de la chaire d’ “Anthropologie de la connaissance”
- Membre du Département d’Etudes sur les Femmes (UQAM Université
de Québec, Canada)
- Ecrivain: 36 livres publiés (Mars 2012).

 

Rita (Ghita) El Khayat a vécu pendant dix ans en France et en Europe.

Docteur en médecine, elle est devenue psychiatre et est également titulaire de deux autres spécialités de la médecine. Elle est retournée vivre au Maroc, où elle est née, faire ce qu'elle a toujours aimé (étude du latin, littérature, philosophie, dessin et peinture, écriture). Elle est également journaliste et auteur de nombreux articles et livres sur le statut des femmes dans le monde arabo-islamique. Elle a enseigné et voyagé autour du monde et a donné des conférences dans de nombreux pays. Elle se consacre aujourd'hui à la pratique de la psychiatrie et de la psychanalyse, à la critique d'art, fiction et poésie ; elle est également maître de conférences à l'Université de Chieti, en Italie, où elle enseigne l'anthropologie de la connaissance (Département de la philosophie). Elle a été admise au PEN International après le vote de Décembre 2003 à Mexico. Elle est Chevalier de l'Ordre du Trône au Maroc (1995). Elle est citoyenne d'honneur de la ville de Pescara (Octobre 2006). Elle est l'ambassadrice des «Jeux Méditerranéens de 2009" (Pescara, Italie). Elle est lauréate du «Prix pour la Paix 2007" qu’elle a reçu à Maiori, Italie (Octobre 2007). Elle est membre du Conseil d'administration du Festival international du film de Marrakech. Elle a été nommée en Décembre 2006 en tant que membre du Comité d'éthique de 2M, la chaîne Radio & TV marocaine. Elle est membre du réseau africain FEMNET (Réseau de Développement et de Communication des Femmes Africaines) depuis 2007. Elle anime une émission quotidienne littéraire,intitulée «Un livre, un ami" sur la radio nationale marocaine depuis Juin 2008. Elle a publié 36 livres à ce jour, écrit dans une vingtaine de livres collectifs, et rédigé plus de 150 articles scientifiques (traitant de médecine, psychiatrie,psychanalyse, anthropologie, art, réflexion, etc.)

 

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